As estrogen declines in midlife, so do collagen and elastin, meaning your skin may become thinner, drier, and looser than before. Hence, wrinkles. But estrogen decline also takes with it our skin’s ability to ward off acne, sometimes leading to acne during and even after menopause.
According to Dr. Lortscher, “As women transition into menopause, as at puberty, a relative predominance of androgens (male-type hormones that all women have) is responsible for acne breakouts in some. In general, androgens stimulate oil production and can worsen acne, while estrogens counter that effect.”
What can we do to treat menopausal acne?
As with all things menopausal, there are a variety of treatments ranging from lifestyle changes to over-the-counter or prescription medications, to more significant medical interventions. But many women can control breakouts by making simple changes starting to adopting a skincare regimen to diet, getting more sleep, and dealing differently with stress.
Ending menopause acne with lifestyle changes
- Consider reducing or eliminating dairy. Says Dr. Lortscher, “Milk contains precursors to testosterone and other androgens, which influence the hormone receptors in the skin to turn on the process that causes acne. The association with acne is more marked with skim milk than with whole milk, and in those consuming more than 3 portions per week. It is possible that cheese, ice cream, and yogurt may be associated with acne, but the link appears to be stronger with milk. Not everyone responds to avoiding dairy, but it is something to consider.” Dr. Lortscher warns that soy milk may also aggravate breakouts, so it may be a matter of trial and error to find what works best for you.
- Add spearmint tea. For hormonal acne, you might want to try some tea! According to Dr. Lortscher, “Although not proven, there is some convincing evidence that drinking two cups of spearmint tea per day can reduce blood levels of circulating androgens.” However, he cautions tea enthusiasts to stick to just two cups per day, as drinking too much tea can be harmful.
- Boost phytoestrogens. These are the foods that mimic our body’s natural hormone, estrogen, only weaker. Commonly found in soy, seeds, nuts and nut butters, these are good for your collagen, skin, and mood. However, if you have a personal or family history of breast cancer, proceed with caution and check with a doc.
- Reduce the sugar. Just like when you were a teen, cutting back on sugar (particularly the processed kind) will help with breakouts. Bonus: being aware of your hormones and nutrition can help. Reducing processed sugar helps with many other menopausal issues as well.
- Supplement. Consider increasing Vitamins B (folic acid, specifically), C, D, biotin, iodine, and Omega 3 supplements for women.
Other remedies are ones you’ve heard before: sleep more. Stress less. Stop smoking. Hydrate. By doing a combination of all of the above, you have a strong chance of reducing or eliminating midlife acne, and you will certainly be doing good things for your overall health.
For those whose acne doesn’t yield to lifestyle changes, you may also want to consider adding over-the-counter remedies to your menopause skin-care regimen: look for creams that include benzoyl peroxide (but use sparingly, as this can further dry your skin) or salicylic acid to unclog pores, cleaning properly your face is a key for any skincare regimen. Sometimes hormonal acne treatments can be effective, but do not work for everyone and should be carefully evaluated before going that route.